Liechtenstein flag

The Principality of Liechtenstein is a dwarf state located in the center of Europe between Austria and Switzerland. The territory is 160 km2, with a population of 38 thousand people.This is what the modern flag of Liechtenstein looks like:

Флаг Лихтенштейна

Liechtenstein flag

History of the flag

The territory of Liechtenstein was part of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation without any sovereign rights. At that time, without sovereignty, the symbols of the empire itself were applied.

Флаг Лихтенштейна
Banner of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation (modern drawing)

The Principality of Liechtenstein as a sovereign entity, appeared in 1719, after the recognition of this fact by the emperor. At this stage of development, a different symbol was adopted, consisting of yellow and red horizontal stripes.

Флаг Лихтенштейна 1719 — 05.11.1921
Flag of Liechtenstein 1719 – 05.11.1921

With the collapse of the empire, the Principality, at first, was part of the German Union and used a different kind of flag remade in 1852: the vertical stripes of red and blue, after which it established close ties with the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and at the end of World War I reoriented to Switzerland.

Флаг Лихтенштейна 1852 — 05.11.1921
Flag of Liechtenstein 1852 – 05.11.1921

The last type of cloth existed until 1921, when the symbolism was changed again: blue and red horizontal stripes of equal size.

Флаг Лихтенштейна 05.11.1921 — 24.06.1937
Liechtenstein flag 05.11.1921 – 24.06.1937

In June 1937 a crown was added to the flag of the Principality of Liechtenstein.

Флаг Лихтенштейна
Liechtenstein Flag 1937-1982

During the 1936 Olympic Games, unexpectedly, the people of Liechtenstein discovered an exact resemblance to the symbols of the state of Haiti. After that, the flag of the country was supplemented with the image of the crown.

In 1982 there was some change in the design of the crown – so there was a modern flag.


The Lichtenstein symbol is a rectangular-shaped cloth of two main colors, which are arranged in uniform horizontal stripes: blue at the top and red at the bottom. The length and width relate to each other in proportions of 3 to 5. In the upper left corner (at the stem) on the blue part there is a golden princely crown. It was added to the flag in 1937.

Flag colors

Two main colors are used on the flag of the Principality: blue and red, which have been used in the symbols of Liechtenstein since the 17th century, when the country was part of the Holy Roman Empire (the First Reich). In addition to the main colors, yellow and black are also used to represent the crown.

Meaning of colors and flag symbol

  • The blue color on the symbol of Liechtenstein symbolizes the radiant, clear sky over the Principality and peace in the country.
  • The color red symbolizes the magnificent bright sunsets that can be contemplated in the mountains of Liechtenstein.
  • The golden crown signifies the princely power that unites the ruling dynasty, the country and the people into one.

The red color on the symbol of the country has another explanation – it is the color of smoldering embers in the fireplace, which is interpreted as a symbol of warmth, comfort and prosperity.

General information about Liechtenstein

Official language German
Capital Vaduz
Territory 160 km2
Population 38 013 people
Currency Swiss franc
Phone Code +423

Map of Liechtenstein

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