Flag of Ghana


The Gold Coast, now the Republic of Ghana, whose capital is Accra, is located in West Africa and washed by the waters of the Gulf of Guinea. The flag of the country reflects the historical and geographical characteristics and its adoption was influenced by many factors. Let’s look at the history of the cloth in detail.

This is what the modern flag of Ghana looks like:

Флаг Ганы
Flag of Ghana

History of the Ghanaian flag

One of the first states with independence status after World War II is Ghana.

The official date of approval of the flag is March 6, 1957. In 1964, the flag underwent changes, the yellow stripe was replaced by a white stripe. However, later, in 1966, the flag returned to its former colors, which are relevant today. Theodosia Salome Oko, a local Ganesian, designed the flag.

Флаг Ганы
Flag of Ghana January 1, 1964 – February 28, 1966

The very first republican flag appeared in 1870, when Ghana became part of British West Africa. And it was a British colonial symbol with a colonial badge. In 1877 the inscription on the badge changed.

Флаг Ганы
Flag of British West Africa 1870 – 1877
Флаг Ганы
Flag of the Gold Coast Colony 1877 – March 6, 1957

Ghana uses other flags as well:

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Merchant Navy Flag
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Flag of the Air Force
Флаг Ганы
Civil aviation flag
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Navy flag 1959 – ≈1998


The flag of the Republic of Ghana is a rectangular cloth of three equal horizontal stripes in red, yellow and green of equal width. In the center, on the yellow stripe, is a black five-pointed star.

The aspect ratio is 2 to 3.

The colors of the Ghanaian flag

The composition of the national sign of Ghana repeats the national symbols of Ethiopia. It consists of stripes arranged from top to bottom in red, yellow, green and a black star on a yellow background.

It is these shades that are present in many heraldic symbols of Africa. And in the 19th century similar shades were used in Ethiopia, but they were not yet considered symbols of independence.

Meaning of colors and symbols of the flag

Red symbolizes the blood of the martyrs, which they shed in the struggle for freedom and the revolutionary spirit of the citizens. Yellow or gold is a sign of wealth. Ghana has quite a lot of minerals (industrial diamonds, gold, oil). And the color green symbolizes the boundless impenetrable forests, lush vegetation and fields of the republic, as well as fertility. The black-colored star is the embodiment of African freedom, a guiding star that leads to a better life. It necessarily touches the lower and upper bands with its rays.

Ghana is the first country to use Pan-African colors in its flag. Later, other African countries, when gaining independence, used identical shades in the state signs of their republic.

General information about Ghana

Official language English
Capital Accra
Territory 238,537 km2
Population 25,199,609 people
Currency Sedi
Phone Code +233

Map of Ghana

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